Japanese Bobtail is a breed of short-tailed cats, which are a symbol of luck in Japan. According to the ancient Japanese belief, all evil is accumulated in the tail of the cat. Therefore, the shorter the tail, there is the less evil in the animal and an owner has a more chance for a luck.
History of the origin of the breed
The inborn land of the breed is Japan. The first ever mention of short-tailed cats is dated thousands of years ago. In the 15th century’s paintings one could see long-haired Bobtails with a fluffy pompon tail or short-tailed cats beside geisha.
In 1602, in Japan, it was ordered to release all cats to the streets so they would save the country from the invasion of rodents. As a result, the Bobtails actually became the Japanese street cats.
In 1968, the Japanese Bobtail was brought to North America and started breeding to register the breed officially. Short-haired bobtails were recognized in the late 1970s, and long-haired bobtails were recognized only in the early 90s. Do you like bobtails? Read the article about the Kurilian Bobtail.
Description of breed of cats: Japanese Bobtail
Cats of Japanese Bobtail breed have average size and weight – 2,5-3,5 kg. Male ones can weigh up to 4-5 kg.
Standards of breed and detailed description according to TICA organization:
- The head may seem long and lengthened, but in fact it has the shape of an almost equilateral triangle, neat bends, high cheekbones and a visible pinch, a wide muzzle, rounded bottom part;
- Eyes – large, oval, wide and alert. Fixed at a slope, which is particularly noticeable in the profile;
- Ears – large, erect, expressive, widely fixed, but turned more to the head than outwards;
- Nose – long, straight, well underlined by two parallel lines from the eyebrows to the tip;
- Body – long, slim, clear lines, the back is straight, thin, but muscular;
- Paws – proportional to the body, long, slender and tall. The hind legs are remarkably longer than the forelegs, but are located at a strong angle, similar to the letter Z. The front paws and shoulders form two straight lines;
- Tail – in shape it can be straight, twisted, bent, broken, or in the form of a pompon. Short tails are the main features of the Japanese Bobtail. In fact, each tail is like a fingerprint – two identical ones cannot be found. When the cat is relaxed, the tail is in a vertical position. The maximum allowable length is 12 cm;
- Coat – medium length, without visible undercoat, the tail is slightly longer and thicker and grows in all directions, creating a pompon effect, there can be fluffy “panties”on the hind legs.
Japanese Bobtail is an intelligent and very active cat. They love friendly communication and use their rich vocabulary: starting from quiet murring to loud meowing.
Short-tailed Bobtail likes different types of games: not only with your favorite toy, but also on the street on a leash, and even in the water. They can easily be trained to various kinds of tricks.
Due to the unusual structure of the hind legs, the bobtail kittens are fond ofbounding. But when the pet is not busy with the games, he likes to explore every corner of his home. These cats definitely will not sit up in your arms. Nevertheless, they are devoted to their owners and easily get along with children and other animals in the family.
Care and health
The short tail of the Japanese Bobtail is a genetic mutation. But contrasting, for example, withMencks, this gene does not carry with itself other destructions of the skeleton structure. These cats are also quite resistant to other diseases.
Kittens of the Japanese bobtail are born larger than other types of breeds. They develop faster, start to walk earlier, but what’s more important is that they run and explore the world around them. But they are sold just like any other breed – at the age of 3-4 months.
To feed such cat you need at the ratio of 80 kilocalories per kilogram of weight per day. Because of their high activity, obesity usually does not threaten bobtails.
Features of the care are reduced to the standard: weekly combing, cleaning the ears, eyes as needed, rare bathing.
Japanese Bobtail Colors
The standard allows any color of the Japanese Bobtail. But still preference is given to bright, contrasting colors and patterns. The tricolor color-cay is considered as traditional: deep red color, rich black and pure white-background.
The color of the eyes should be combined with the main color. And the Japanese Bobtail gives a birth tokittens with multi-colored eyes more often than other breeds. Usually one eye is blue and the other is yellow. This is typical for kittens with predominantly white color. Due to this fact, the cost for them is much higher.
Japanese Bobtail price
Kitten Price – average $400 – $600