History of Birman cat
The native land of the Birman cat is the state of Myanmar (formerly Birma) on the Indochina peninsula. These cats lived in the temples and were considered sacred in the distant past .
But an American millionaire, was fascinated by the way a cat looks like, during traveling in the East and bought a few kittens of this breed for a huge price at the beginning of the last century (note 1919).
Only 2 cats of this breed existed on the territory of Europe after the Second World war. Gradually the breeders began to revive the Birman breed, crossing the surviving animals with Siamese and Persian cats. This went only to the benefit of the breed – new representatives of Birman cats turned out to be more beautiful and better in character!
Description of Birman cat breed
There is no place for negative emotions where cats of Birman breed live – only good and positive. The sacred birma is so harmoniously harmonized that it can be safely recommended to anyone who equips their house with feng shui.
1. The head of the Birman beauty is wide and rounded. The breed standard specifically notes that there are flat areas before the base of the ears:
- Nose is medium in width and length, the nostrils are located on the fibril of the nose, there is no stop, but there is a slight depression;
- Chin is strong and developed, slightly pointed, bite correct;
- Middle ears, width at base and length of ears equal, ears are planted far apart;
- Eyes are round, the outer corners are raised. The expression of the eyes is soft, the color of the eyes is always blue. IMPORTANT! The eyes of a new-born Birman are bright blue, then they lighten a little ( at three months), but then the aquamarine shade returns again.
2. The body of the Birman breed cats is naturally strong and massive. Limbs are medium , set. Paws are large and round. The size of the tail is also average and proportional to the body. At the base of the tail is covered with a rare coat at the base , and the coat becomes noticeably larger to the tip of the tail. This pubescence is called the Sultan. Many Birman cats keep their tail like a horn, much like a rhino horn. The weight of an adult animal is 5-6 kg, and the female cats are noticeably smaller than the male ones of cats.
3. Wool and color
The description of the woolen coat and varieties of coloring of the Birman cat deserves separate words of praise. Wool can be medium or long, but very silky and does not form coils. The jabot around the neck is rich, the wavy hair on the abdomen. There are four types of Birman color: blue-point, force-point, chocolate and lilac marks.
Stripes on wool or “maroon” pictures are not allowed. A black, gray, red cat, even with a Siamese mask, is not a Birman cat! Differences of true Birman from other cats that have a Siamese root is in their pedigree: the coat is always lighter on the abdomen than on the back and extremities.
Features of Birman cats are also noticeable in the color of the paws. The white glove ends in a flat line across the paw and does not cross the angle of the wrist joint on the front legs. A complete symmetry of the gloves is desirable. Boots on the hind legs cover the entire limb and form a “spur” under the hock joint.
The symmetry of “boots” and “spurs” is welcomed. IMPORTANT! Kittens Birman are born devoid of corporate color, they are absolutely white! Siamese color, gloves and boots begin to appear by the half-year. And the final coat color can be even formed in three years!
As a true temple cat, a Birman beauty does not tolerate noise and fuss. Birman cats have good manners. Education, coupled with restraint – is more characteristic of the breed. How do you know if your cat is angry? Just look around. If you do not see it, then most likely the sacred cat of the Birman preferred to retire proudly. Urgently ask for forgiveness, and, Alleluia, the Birman cat will forgive you, for it is not vindictive.
Although a temple cat is a lover of silence, but not averse to chat. They have a gentle voice, but they often serve it. Responses of owners are harsh in this matter: “Well, talker!”.
But not harmful! Even being very curious by nature, Birman cats will not break the service of their mother-in-law, accidentally jumping on the closet.
They do not like jump and disgrace. Only if it does not drop their dignity, they can afford a little bit.
They take affection and all “veal tenderness” with dignity, allow children and guests to squeeze themselves.
But, if there is a quarrel in the house, they are the first demanding: “Meow” will try to settle the conflict. Very peaceful nature, very intelligent breed!
God endowed the temple cat with strong immunity, but, alas, a number of diseases are still characteristic of them.
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is such a disease, it occurs quite often.
In addition, specialists identify as a hereditary pathology of the vestibular apparatus. Clinical signs of this disease appear on the 3-12 week of development, but then they can pass independently. Hereditary disease of Birman is corneal dermoids. A veterinarian prescribed course of antibiotics and special drops successfully copes with this problem.
In general, the Birman cat is a very healthy breed, which, moreover, is very prolific! The largest of the known litters (19 kittens) brought the Birman cat Antigone in due time. Its owner Valery Gein respectfully pawed his happy dad – a Siamese cat!
The life span of the sacred Birman is 10-14 years. But there are exceptions! Birman cat Catalina, who lives in Melbourne, Australia, turned 35 years old in this year . It is the oldest cat in the world for today!
Care and Maintenance
The most important thing that owners must remember is that a kitten of Birman breed is not capable of living on the street and that he loves the warmth very much. In order:
- Most often the birma is killed due to attempts to break free. They do not know how to fall correctly, so escape from the window is fraught with bad consequences. And the innate intelligence does not allow them to withstand street competition.
- Comfortable temperature of air in the room for the Birman cat is 22 degrees and not lower! But do not forget to ventilate the apartment! Wool burr does not have undercoat, but it has a unique quality – it does not roll into coils. So a weekly combing to maintain the beauty of the wool cover is enough.
Ears and eyes should be cleaned as they become dirty.
What the priests fed their faithful cats in the churches of Birman, alas, is not known, but, judging by what kind of bourmish are gourmets, they ate delicacies.
The sacred Birman cat is loyal to these flavoring habits today. Appetite of Birman cats is good and all the more pleasant that they do not practically suffer from obesity. Proponents of natural nutrition should know that the daily rate of food for Birman cats is about 150 grams.
IMPORTANT! Experiments with an attempt to feed a pet with quality dry food or canned food can lead to the fact that the coloring substances added to such food can change the characteristic tone of the animal’s fur!
Birman cat price
The average Birman cat price is $350 – $1200 US.